Looking after your dog

We've put together some professional advice to help give your dog the best quality of life.


All dogs should be vaccinated to protect them from the potentially fatal diseases of canine distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and leptospirosis.

  • Canine distemper virus causes a wide range of symptoms; initially vomiting, diarrhoea, coughing and a discharge from the nose and eyes. Damage to the dog’s nervous system can lead to dogs having fits and muscle twitches (chorea), and is ultimately fatal.

  • Canine parvovirus causes severe bloody diarrhea and vomiting, dehydration and collapse. Puppies are most at risk and the disease is often fatal.

  • Canine hepatitis is a disease caused by Adenovirus 1, which attacks the liver and can lead to liver failure.

  • Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria which survives in stagnant water, and is commonly carried by rats. This means dogs with higher exposure to contaminated water, or rats and their urine, are at a greater risk. Symptoms include weakness, vomiting and diarrhoea, and jaundice. This can prove fatal through liver and kidney failure.

All these diseases are protected by a single vaccination.

Puppies should receive a course of two injections anytime from 8 weeks of age, the second injection being given 2 weeks after the first. It will be another week before your puppy can go outside.

It is also important for adult dogs to receive a yearly booster vaccination to maintain their immunity.

If your dog goes into kennels, it is also recommended to have a Kennel Cough vaccination, as this is a very contagious disease. It can be treated with antibiotics, but can take several weeks to clear. Kennel Cough vaccination must be given 2 to 3 weeks before your dog is going into kennels.

How can I get my dog vaccinated?

We can provide the necessary vaccinations to help protect against these fatal diseases

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Flea products and worming

Puppies should be wormed every 2 weeks, up to 12 weeks of age, and then every 3 months as a routine.

A multi-wormer, such as Milpro or Endogard, which kills both round and tapeworms, is recommended.

Spot On products, such as Stronghold and Advocate or Prinovox can also be used for roundworms; with the added benefit of killing fleas, mange mites, ear mites and in the case of Advocate or Prinovox, lungworm.

Flea control can be achieved either by the regular application of a Spot On, such as Frontline Combo, Stronghold or Advocate, or by one of the new generation of oral products. We recommend Bravecto, which lasts for 3 months and kills both fleas and ticks.

The key to good flea control is regular use of the product all year round, and not waiting until fleas are seen before using them.

Want to discuss parasite control?

If you would like to discuss parasite control, please call us

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Neutering is a day-patient job with no overnight stay. It is important that your pet has an empty stomach for the operation, so do not feed after 7pm the evening before. Drink can be given overnight.


We recommend that all bitches are neutered, and this can be done anytime after she has had her first season.

We do this after having her first season, as this can reduce the incidence of urinary incontinence.

A bitch spay is a full ovariohysterectomy, so both the ovaries and uterus are removed.

There are several health benefits from neutering or spaying bitches, as well as preventing unwanted litters of puppies.

Entire bitches have an increased incidence of mammary tumours and false pregnancies, and when older can get the very serious condition of pyometra, which can make her very poorly.

Some bitches do put weight on after being spayed, so you may need to reduce her food intake to prevent this.


Castrating male dogs will stop unwanted sexually driven behaviours, such as mounting owners’ legs, urine marking, the urge to stray, and aggression to other dogs.

This should be done when your dog has matured, so between 6 and 9 months of age, depending on breed.

Some dogs can gain weight after castration, as the metabolism is slower without testosterone. We would usually suggest reducing the amount of his food by 10% at the time of castration, as a preventative measure.

I want to neuter my dog

Please call us to book your dog in with us

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